Case Report
Successful Pregnancy in Robert’s Uterus after Combined Hysteroscopic and Laparoscopic Management
Rajshree G*, Desh Deepak and Praneeta Singh
Corresponding Author: Rajshree G, Director, Rajdeep IVF Centre, 12-13 Adatiya Awas, Kota-Rajasthan, India.
Received: June 03, 2023; Revised: July 24, 2023; Accepted: July 27, 2023 Available Online: Aug 04, 2023
Citation: Rajshree G, Deepak D & Singh P. (2023) Successful Pregnancy in Robert’s Uterus after Combined Hysteroscopic and Laparoscopic Management. J Womens Health Safety Res, 7(3): 316-319.
Copyrights: ©2023 Rajshree G, Deepak D & Singh P. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Mullerian anomalies of female genital tract means deviations from normal anatomy, resulting from an abnormal formation, fusion, or reabsorption of Mullerian ducts during fetal life with an estimated prevalence of 4-7%. We report a combined laparoscopic and hysteroscopic management of complete septate uterus with unilateral cervical aplasia of class U2BCV0/ESHRE (formally Robert’s uterus). Robert’s uterus has asymmetric septate uteri with septa extending from fundus to isthmus with ipsilateral cervical aplasia. It is most often misdiagnosed with unicornuate uterus with non-communicating rudimentary horn. Endometrectomy has been described as the best treatment modality for Robert’s uterus. We present a case report of treatment of Robert’s uterus followed by successful pregnancy in young girl, where we did hysteroscopy and laparoscopy guided septal resection and endometrectomy.

Keywords: Mullerian anomalies, Robert’s uterus, Hysteroscopy & Laparoscopy, Septate uterus, Endometrectomy
INTRODUCTION

Mullerian anomalies of female genital tract means deviations from normal anatomy, resulting from an abnormal formation, fusion, or reabsorption of Mullerian ducts during fetal life with an estimated prevalence of 4-7%. We report a combined laparoscopic and hysteroscopic management of complete septate uterus with unilateral cervical aplasia of class U2BCV0/ESHRE (formally Robert’s uterus). Robert’s uterus has asymmetric septate uteri with septa extending from fundus to isthmus with ipsilateral cervical aplasia. It is most often misdiagnosed with unicornuate uterus with non-communicating rudimentary horn. Endometrectomy has been described as the best treatment modality for Robert’s uterus. We present a case report of treatment of Robert’s uterus followed by successful pregnancy in young girl, where we did hysteroscopy and laparoscopy guided septal resection and endometrectomy.

CASE REPORT

24-year-old married female reported in OPD with severe lower abdominal pain, which was progressive in nature and worsened during menses. There was past history of laparotomy for the same complaints & right-side T.O mass was removed. [1] On USG pelvis there was collection of blood on right side of uterus (adenomyotic); Right ovary absent & left ovary normal. As patient was is severe pain, she was taken for laparo-hysteroscopy after conducting preoperative investigations & obtaining informed consent. On diagnostic laparoscopy, left tube & ovary was normal, uterus was bulky with bulge at right cornual end (Figure 1). On hysteroscopy, uterine cavity appeared normal with normal left ostia & blind right uterine wall (? Septa /? unicornuate uterus). As on laparoscopy uterine contour was normal hence diagnosis of Robert’s uterus was made. Hysteroscopicaly, septa were resected with Collins knife, large amount of old collected blood drained out, still right ostia could not be visualized. Then laparoscopic guided incision was given at right cornu over the bulge and endometrectomy was done (Figure 2). The defect was closed with baseball suture (Figures 3 & 4). Postoperative period was uneventful. Patient was then kept on dienogest for 3 months. 6 months later she conceived spontaneously and delivered healthy male baby at term by LSCS (Figure 5).

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DISCUSSION

We should always keep obstructive Mullerian anomalies in mind, whenever a young female patient presents with cyclical progressive dysmenorrhea, Asymmetric septate uterus (Robert’s uterus) is a rare Mullerian anomaly. In cases of complex anomalies, a precise representation of the female genital tract can we obtained using 3D USG and MRI with new ESHRE/ESGE classification system [2]. Endometrectomy has been described as the best treatment modality for Robert’s uterus, similar to our case [3]. Signal [4] have reported a pregnancy in asymmetric blind hemi cavity managed by hysterectomy and ipsilateral tubal ligation. In another study, Hysteroscopic unification of a complete obstructing uterine septum, with ablation of the endometrium for prevention of recurrence of hematometra has been reported [5,6]. Ablation is avoided in these young patients, as they are highly concerned of their reproductive function. Hence, intrauterine pediatric Foley’s catheter is inserted for 7 days postoperatively or Cu-T is inserted to prevent intrauterine adhesions. Supplementation with HRT for 5-6 months plus good antibiotic coverage, followed by recheck hysteroscopy and adhesiolysis if necessary, after 12 weeks, have provided good results. In the past, laparotomy for Robert’s uterus was the modality of treatment [7], but now with good endoscopic skills, a minimally invasive approach using combined hysteroscopic and laparoscopic has given us an opportunity to treat these complex anomalies in a much better manner. Hysteroscopic unification has the potential advantage of good fertility outcome but at times, resection of the remaining septa during recheck hysteroscopy may be required. In cases where septal resection is not possible, we should go ahead with the excision of the obstructed half to relieve the symptoms. Thus, ensuring cure in a single sitting but will result in weak lateral uterine wall.

CONCLUSION

Laparoscopy in combination with hysteroscopy and imaging modalities, provides an appropriate approach for rare cases of obstructive Mullerian anomalies, in restoring reproductive function and improving the quality of life.

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