Malaria Prevalence Investigation among Pregnant Women in Relation to their Social Well Being: A Case Study of Lugbe and Gosa, Abuja, Nigeria
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Aim: The aim of the research was to investigate the impact of living conditions (Socio demographic characteristics) of pregnant women on their malarial status.
Study Design: In order to achieve the objectives of the study, cross sectional survey was used. Descriptive designs were utilised in the Questionnaire aspect of the study.
Place and Duration of Study: AMAC medical centre, Gosa and AMAC medical Centre, Lugbe.
Methodology: Blood samples were collected from the participating pregnant women by pricking their thumb and the blood droplet was examined using a direct thin and thick blood smear preparation stained with giemsa for the presence of the ring form stages of the parasites in the blood of the individuals in the laboratory. Qualitative data were sourced through Questionnaire administration to 589 pregnant women in Antenatal care clinics (ANC) in the area and their malaria status was also determined.
Results: Study results showed a high prevalence rate of malaria in pregnancy (70.5%), the greater number of occurrences being in Lugbe (42.3%) than in Gosa (28.2%). Those living in houses built with wood recorded more positive cases of malaria and are at greater risk of infection (odds = 1.866%).
Conclusion: This study has shown an increased rate of malaria infection amongst pregnant women living in wood and mud houses. The result also shows high rate of malaria occurrences due to low living conditions amongst pregnant women domiciled in this area of study. Hence, pregnant women should as a routine be placed on malaria prophylaxis and periodically checked as they can be asymptomatic, only exhibiting symptoms when it’s already late.
Keywords:Malaria prevalence, Pregnant women, Malaria prophylaxis, Presidential Malaria initiative
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