Case Report
Ethmoiditis in Adults in a Developing Community
Wilson IB Onuigbo
Corresponding Author: Wilson IB Onuigbo, Department of Pathology, Medical Foundation and Clinic, Enugu 400001, Nigeria
Received: October 20, 2018; Revised: October 29, 2018; Accepted: October 22, 2018
Citation: Onuigbo WIB. (2018) Ethmoiditis in Adults in a Developing Community. J Ageing Restor Med, 1(2): 44-45.
Copyrights: ©2018 Onuigbo WIB. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Set in the background of ethmoidal diseases, this paper deals with inflammation of this organ in adults of the Ibo ethnic group in South Eastern Nigeria. Three cases were found and are thought to be worthy of documentation.


Keywords: Ethmoid, Ethmoiditis, Adults, Developing community


Both Dorland’s Illustrated Dictionary [1] and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary [2] throw some light on ethmoiditis. A literature search revealed some interesting examples. From Finland [3], the report was “We report an unusual case of breast cancer metastasis presenting as ethmoiditis MRI.” From USA, 33 cases of ethmoiditis were reviewed with special reference to orbital complications [4].


Birmingham (UK) associates maintained that the establishment of a histopathology data pool facilitates epidemiological analysis [5]. In this context, the one established by the Eastern Region Government of Nigeria at Enugu facilitated my pioneer work. The tabulated cases are its results which are deemed to be worthy of documentation.


An unusual case of breast cancer was reported from Finland on account of its presentation as ethmoiditis [3]. From USA, 33 cases of ethmoiditis were reported on account of orbital complications based on the classification dating back to 1982 [4] (Table 1)None of the complications was seen in this local cohort. Perhaps, what was remarkable can be seen to be merely nonspecific or granulomatous inflammation. In other words, the patients arrived relatively early for treatment instead of the better known late tendency in this developing community [6].

1.       (1994) Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 28th Edn, Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, pp: 580, 915.

2.       (1990) Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Mass: Merriam-Webster, Inc. 12th Edn, p: 8099.

3.       Pitkaranta A, Markkola A, Malmberg H (2001) Breast cancer metastasis presenting as ethmoiditis. Rhinology 39: 107-108.

4.    Gutowski WM, Mulbury PE, Hengerer AS, Kido DK (1988)  The role  of  CT scans  in  managing  the  orbital complications of ethmoiditis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 15: 117-128.

5.     Macartney JC, Rollaston TP, Codling BW (1980) Use of a histopathology data pool for epidemiological analysis. J Clin Pathol 33: 351-353.

6.     Ariyan S, Krizek TJ (1975) Tropical ulcers. Plast Reconstruct Surg 55: 324-329.