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The perceived social support is the recipient’s subjective judgement that provides the people with whom one is affiliated to his or her family, friends, and community which offer the effective help, care, respect and support when in need. Resiliency is the ability of a person to recover quickly from a sudden change or misfortune without being overwhelmed, dysfunctional or harmful to one self as well towards others. Alcohol dependence syndrome is one of the chronic diseases, which causes an excessive craving to alcohol, which becomes uncontrollable by leading to withdrawal symptoms after stopping its intake. Generally, when people fail to face the stressors successfully and bounce back in their life that’s when they get into substance abuse. It is evident that the lack of social support leads to the relapse of alcohol addiction, irrespective of regular medication. Hence the current study mainly aims at finding out role and relationship between perceived social support and resiliency among the patients with ADS. The 70 participants with ADS are included for the study using purposive sampling method. The participants are administered with the tools of the Multi-dimensional scale of perceived social support developed by Zimet, and the 14 items Resiliency scale by Wagnild and Young in the year 2009. The data is analyzed using descriptive statistics and Regression analysis. Obtained result indicates positive correlation between perceived social support and resiliency and also predicts the role of perceived social support in determining the resiliency among patients with Alcohol dependency syndrome.
Keywords: Perceived social support, Resiliency and Alcohol dependency syndrome
Perceived Social support
Social support has been described as “support accessible to an individual through social ties to other individuals, groups, and the larger community.” (Fatih Ozbay) Social support is composed of three components. These are affection, approval and assistance. It is the expression of effect, love and respect. Approval is the appreciation of the suitability of individual attitude and behaviors. Assistance includes direct assistance behaviors like cooperation and lending money.
Social support refers to the provision of psychological and material resources by a social network to help individuals to cope up with their stress. It involves the components of care, empathy and concern for the ones in need. It may range from helping a person in daily tasks, giving advices to helping the ill, providing financial assistance. This is the objective view point of social support.
The subjective view point of the individual who receives this social support describes his perception about the social support which is been received from his surroundings. Perceived social support is individual's cognitive perception that. S/he has established reliable bonds with others and that others provide support to them. (Yamaç, 2009: 68). Provided social support means the behaviors and actions others display.
Social support has been proved to moderate genetic and environmental vulnerabilities for mental illness by facilitating the psychological factors such as fostering the effective coping strategies. The provision of social support
- To assess the relationship between perceived social support and resiliency among patients with Alcoholic dependent syndrome.
- To study the role of perceived social support on resiliency among patients with Alcoholic dependent syndrome.
- There is no significant relationship between perceived social support and resiliency among patients with alcoholic dependency syndrome.
- Perceived social support does not influence resiliency among patients with Alcoholic dependency syndrome.
- Alcoholic dependency Syndrome patients with other substance use are included.
- Patients with neurological and psychotic problems were also included.
Inferential Statistics: Descriptive statistics, Regression analysis.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Table 1 shows the mean and standard deviation of perceived social support among patients with Alcohol dependency Syndrome. Obtained result indicates that the maximum level of perceived social support has been received from family with the percentage of 44. Patients with Alcoholic dependency syndrome perceived that the support received from the significant other of their life is 40% and least level of perceived social support has been provided by the friends with 16% (Figure 1).
The hypothesis stating that there is no significant relationship between perceived social support and resiliency among patients with Alcoholic dependency syndrome and perceived social support does not influence resiliency among patients with Alcoholic dependency syndrome was tested using Regression analysis. The coefficient value between support from significant others and resiliency is 0.317 which indicates positive correlation, the value 0.216 indicates the presence of positive correlation between family support and resiliency and coefficient value 0.394 suggest the presence of positive correlation between support from friends and resiliency. Therefore, null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is accepted. The regression value 0.14 indicates that about 14% of perceived social support influencing resiliency among patients with alcoholic dependency syndrome. Therefore, null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is accepted (Table 2).
This is because in psychological disorder like ADS and other substance use disorder perceived social support play a vital role along with the pharmacotherapy. This emphasizes that the role of perceived social support helps in maximizing in one’s resiliency . On the other side, study also indicating that along with the perceived social support, others factors too play a major role in enhancing the resiliency. To boost the resiliency other factor that play a major role include are personality trait of an individual, physiological and psychological aspects, level of insight on their illness, optimistic thought, positive attitude towards their life, level of achievement motivation, level of hope with regard to future, emotional maturity which they have gained from their past experience and so on . Some intervention plans that are designed in the rehabilitation centers which include group and individual therapy and supportive psychotherapy also contributes to the patients to be resilient. It is also noticed that one’s motivation to overcome his or her problem also influences resiliency of an individual .
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
The study reveals the presence of positive correlation between perceived social support and resiliency among patients with Alcoholic dependency syndrome. It also indicated that about 14% of perceived social support influencing resiliency among them. Therefore, it is concluded that to be resilient along with the support we perceive from our society many other factors also contributes.
- Small sample size is used in the study hence generalization cannot be done.
- Samples are restricted to only Shivamogga city.
SCOPE OF FURTHER STUDY
- The present research can be extended by comparing ADS patients with some other group.
The study can be continued with larger sample and by considering the length of rehabilitation.
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