|Hack-Lyoung Kim, M.D*, and Joo-Hee Zo, M.D|
|Corresponding Author: Hack-Lyoung Kim, MD, PhD, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 20 Boramae-ro 5-gil, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 07061, Korea. Tel: +82-2-870-3235, Fax: +82-2-831-0714, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Received: June 2, 2016; Accepted: June 10, 2016; Published: March 5, 2017 ;|
|Citation: Kim L H & Zo H J (2017) Vegetations Spread Out Along With Turbulent Flow From Flail Mitral Valve Int J Med Clin Imaging, 1(1): 1-2.|
|Copyrights: ©2017 Kim L H & Zo H J. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Aberrant jet streams and turbulent flow from diseased cardiac valve causes direct endothelial injury, which triggers colonization of the platelet-fibrin aggregates. Subsequent microbial growth and inflammatory cell accumulation forms vegetations. In this case report, we show several images with good quality supporting the important role of turbulent flow in vegetation formation. A 57-year-old male was admitted because of fever, chills and lower back pain for several weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging showed active stage of infectious spondylitis with epidural enhancement at L3-4 level of lumbar spine. Streptococcus viridans was identified in his blood culture. Transthoracic echocardiography showed flail motion of posterior leaflet of mitral valve with severe degree eccentric mitral regurgitation. There were no visible vegetations in transthoracic echocardiography. Following transesophageal echocardiography revealed echo-lucent materials spread out along with turbulent flow from mitral regurgitation, strongly suggestive of vegetations. The patient was stabilized after intravenous penicillin G treatment. At five week of admission, he was discharged without events.
1. Werdan K, Dietz S, Löffler B, Niemann S, Bushnaq H, Silber RE, Peters G, Müller-Werdan U. Mechanisms of infective endocarditis: pathogen-host interaction and risk states. Nat Rev Cardiol 2014; 11:35.
- International Journal of Diabetes: Current Research
- Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology Research: Well-being, Empowerment and Affective Profiles
- Journal of Occupational Health & Research
- Journal of Neurosurgery Imaging and Techniques
- Journal of Cancer Science & Treatment
- Advance Research on Alzheimers & Parkinsons Disease
- International Journal of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics