Case Reports
Extraosseous Accumulation of Tc-99m MDP in Lymph Node Metastases from Colon Cancer
Ya-Wen Chuang, Chin-Chuan Chang, Ying-Fong Huang, Yu-Chang Tyan*
Corresponding Author: Yu-Chang Tyan, Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. E-mail: yctyan@kmu.edu.tw
Received: September 6, 2017; Accepted: September 11, 2017; Published: October 26, 2017 ;
Citation: Chuang Y W, Chang C C, Huang Y F &Tyan Y C. (2017)Extraosseous Accumulation of Tc-99m MDP in Lymph Node Metastases from Colon Cancer.Int J Med Clin Imaging, 1(2): 15-18.
Copyrights: ©2017 Chuang Y W, Chang C C, Huang Y F & Tyan Y C.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 


In colon cancer, extraosseous uptake of bone-seeking radionuclide in liver metastases is commonly seen on the bone scan. However, extraosseous deposition in lymph node metastasis is rare. The authors report a case in which metastatic pulmonary lymph node metastases from colon cancer were shown to contain concentrated Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP). Computed tomography (CT) of the chest showed enlarged calcified lymph nodes at the bilateral hilar regions, and should be considered for extraosseous Tc-99m MDP accumulation.

 

A 60-year-old female patient with descending colon cancer (mucinous adenocarcinoma), status post chemotherapy, was referred for a scintigraphic bone scan to evaluate for metastatic disease and assist in planning therapy. The bone scan was performed at three hours after the injection of 740MBq (20 mCi) Tc-99m MDP. Findings include intense radiotracer accumulation in the anterior aspect of the right 6th rib. Additionally, soft tissue uptake is noted in bilateral pulmonary hilar regions (Figure 1a). Unenhanced CT of the chest performed 10 days earlier demonstrated metastatic lymhadenopathy and enlarged calcified lymph nodes at the bilateral hilar regions (Figure 1b). Postenhanced CT demonstrated large metastases at the liver (Figure 1c). Although accumulation of Tc-99m MDP in liver metastases with no apparent calcification occurs frequently in colon cancer, no characteristic Tc-99m MDP uptake was observed within those metastatic lesions.

 

Extraosseous uptake of Tc-99m MDP has been reported in various pathologic conditions [1,2]. Mucin-producing tumors contain a glypoprotenin that is biochemically similar to ossifying cartilage and binds calcium salts. Classically, mucinous adenocarcinoma tumors of the gastoinestinal tract are associated with this mechanism of Tc-99m MDP deposition in the primary and metastatic tumors [3,4]. These findings mainly correspond in location to extraosseous uptake on the bone scan, and suggest that the accumulation of Tc-99m MDP in the present case is strongly related to the calcium deposition. It also appears that Tc-99m MDP may accumulate in a calcified metastatic lesion before the calcification appears on x-ray CT [5].

 

COMPETING INTERESTS

The authors declare they have no conflict of interests in publishing this case study.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by Research Grants MOST 103-2320-B-037-025 from the Ministry of Science and Technology, KMU-TP105E12, KMU-TP105PR06, KMU-M106029, 105KMUOR02 and KMU-O104003 (Aim for the Top 500 Universities Grant) from Kaohsiung Medical University, and NSYSUKMU106-P011 from NSYSU-KMU Research Project, Taiwan.

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2. Takahashi T, Machida K, Honda N, Hosono M, Oku S, Osada H, Murata O, Nishimura K, Ohno H. Extraosseous accumulation of 99mTc-MDP in lymph node metastases of small cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Annals of Nuclear Medicine 2004;18:157-160.

 

3. Freeman L, Zuckier L. Nonosseous, nonurologic uptake on bone scintigraphy: atlas and analysis. Semin Nucl Med 2010;40:242-256.

 

4. Shepherd TM, Idakoji IA, Pampaloni MH. Incidental Detection of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor by Tc-99m MDP Bone Scan. Clin Nucl Med 2012;37:198-199.

 

5. Senda M, Tamaki N, Torizuka K, Fujiwara Y, Kudo M, Tochio H, Ito H, Yamaguchi H, Saiki Y, Ikekubo K. Accumulation of Tc-99m Methylene Diphosphonate in Calcified Metastatic Lesions of the Liver from Colonic Carcinoma: Comparison with Calcification on X-ray Computed Tomogram. Clin Nucl Med 1985;10:9-12.