Video Article
Transtemporal-Transchoroidal Approach Combined with Retrosigmoid Approach for Extensive Thalamopeduncular Tumor Resection: 3-Dimensional Operative Video
Chenran Zhang* and Frederick A Boop
Corresponding Author: Chenran Zhang, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Xinhua Hospital, NO.1665 Kongjiang RD, Shanghai, 200092, China
Received: March 13, 2019; Accepted: April 08, 2019; Published: July 23, 2019 ;
Citation: Zhang C & Boop FA. (2019) Transtemporal-Transchoroidal Approach Combined with Retrosigmoid Approach for Extensive Thalamopeduncular Tumor Resection: 3-Dimensional Operative Video. J Neurosurg Imaging Techniques, 4(2): 215-216.
Copyrights: ©2019 Zhang C & Boop FA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 


INTRODUCTION

Thalamopeduncular tumors are a group of pediatric low-grade gliomas that arise at the junction of the thalamus and cerebral peduncle. They occur within the first 2 decades of life, presenting with a thalamopeduncular syndrome characterized by progressive spastic hemiparesis. Given their location and their pilocytic histology, obtaining a curative resection without injury to the corticospinal tracts (CST), oculomotor nerve or the optic tract can be challenging. Trans-cortical trans-choroidal resection of thalamo-peduncular tumors through the middle temporal gyrus allows for a high rate of gross total resection (GTR) and disease control with acceptable surgical morbidity [1-3]. A 3 year old boy’s thalamopeduncular mass was diagnosed after a typical presentation of progressive spastic hemiparesis. Tumor was partially resected and pathological diagnosis was pilocytic astrocytoma (PA). He progressed on chemotherapy and an Ommaya reservoir was placed into a tumor cyst, but the patient developed progressive hydrocephalus, bilateral trigeminal neuralgia and right hemiplegia. He was then referred us for tumor resection. The patient consented to publication of his images.

Preoperative diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) demonstrated anterolateral displacement of the CSTs. This video demonstrates the surgical technique used for the one-stage transcortical-transchoroidal and retrosigmoid approach to the extensive thalamo-peduncular PA.

The following are the main surgical pearls:

·         Minimize the use of fixed retractors to avoid temporal cortical ischemic changes

·         Protect the hippocampus when opening the choroidal fissure

·         Protect the branches of the posterior communicating artery and anterior choroidal artery within the cistern

·         Identify the optic tract and protect it as well.

DISCLOSURE

The authors have no personal, financial or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials or devices described in this article.

DISCLOSURE OF FUNDING

None.

1.     Broadway SJ, Ogg RJ, Scoggins MA, Sanford R, Patay Z, Boop FA (2011) Surgical management of tumors producing the thalamopeduncular syndrome of childhood. J Neurosurg Pediatr 7: 589-595.

2.     Foley R, Boop F (2017) Tractography guides the approach for resection of thalamopeduncular tumors. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 159: 1597-1601.

3.             Lee RP, Foster KA, Lillard JC, Klimo P Jr, Ellison DW, et al. (2017) Surgical and molecular considerations in the treatment of pediatric thalamopeduncular tumors. J Neurosurg Pediatr 20: 247-255.